• Abraham The Pharmacist

Diabetes Signs and Symptoms (2018)


Do I Have Diabetes | Signs Of Diabetes | Diabetes Symptoms In Men & Women | Early Signs Of Diabetes | Early Warning Signs Of Diabetes

Hey guys! This weeks video is about the signs of diabetes. Having some of the signs of diabetes doesn’t mean you definitely have the condition, but you should always contact your GP, just to make sure.

Type 2 diabetes can cause serious long-term health problems. It can be easy to miss as it develops slowly, especially in the early stages when it can be harder to spot the symptoms. If left untreated diabetes affects many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Being diagnosed early and controlling your blood sugar levels can help prevent these complications.

COMMON SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES: • Urinating more often than usual, particularly at night • Feeling very thirsty • Feeling very tired • Unexplained weight loss • Itching around the penis or vagina, or frequent episodes of thrush • Cuts or wounds that heal slowly • Blurred vision – caused by the lens of the eye becoming dry

WHY DO WE GET THESE SYMPTOMS IN DIABETES: These symptoms occur because some or all of the glucose stays in the blood, and isn’t being used as fuel for energy. The body tries to reduce blood glucose levels by flushing the excess glucose out of the body in the urine. High levels of glucose being passed in the urine are a perfect breeding ground for the fungal infection which causes thrush.

RISK FACTORS FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES: Three of the main risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes are:

Age – Being over the age of 40 (over 25 for people of south Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or black African origin, even if you were born in the UK).

Genetics – Having a close relative with the condition, such as a parent, brother or sister.

Weight – Being overweight or obese.

More information at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/type-2-diabetes/causes/

SYMPTOMS OF FUNGAL THRUSH INFECTIONS: Thrush is a yeast infection (candida albicans) which tends to affect warm, moist areas of the body such as the vagina, penis, mouth and certain areas of skin.

Thrush is more common in people with diabetes as high sugar levels lead to better conditions for the yeast to grow.

Vaginal thrush (vulvovaginal candidiasis) symptoms include:

• Soreness and irritation • White curd appearance on the skin • Pain during sexual intercourse • White vaginal discharge • Reddening of the vulva (the outer parts of the vagina) • Itching around the vagina (infectious vaginitis)

Oral thrush (oral candidiasis) symptoms include: • A nasty or bitter taste • Redness or bleeding inside the mouth • Creamy white coloured patches (lesions) in the mouth (cheeks, lips, tongue or the back of the mouth) • Painful and sore mouth (can include the throat) • Cracks at the corners of the lips (angular cheilitis)

Thrush in men (candida balanitis) Symptoms of thrush in men include: • Reddening or swelling or soreness of the glans (head) of the penis • Itching around the tip of the penis • Discharge beneath the foreskin • Nasty odour • Pain during urination • White curd-like appearance on the skin • Painful experience during sex

PREVENTING TYPE 2 DIABETES: If you're at risk of type 2 diabetes, you may be able to prevent it developing by making lifestyle changes:

• Eating a healthy, balanced diet • Losing weight if you're overweight, and maintaining a healthy weight • Stopping smoking if you smoke • Drinking alcohol in moderation • Taking plenty of regular exercise

For more information please visit the following links: https://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Diabetes/Pages/Avoiddiabetes.aspx https://www.diabetes.org.uk/preventing-type-2-diabetes/can-diabetes-be-prevented


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About Me:

Prescribing Media Pharmacist | Bringing Science Through New Film Every Monday | Extreme Optimist

I'm a British - Persian - Iranian prescribing media pharmacist who loves science, making videos and helping people. I work in both GP surgeries and community pharmacy.



Disclaimer:

This video is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Abraham The Pharmacist has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Always consult a doctor or other healthcare professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.

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